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J Refract Surg. 2015 Aug;31(8):548-56. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20150727-05.

Implantable Collamer Lens for Myopia: Assessment 12 Years After Implantation.



To evaluate the long-term refractive and visual stability and the risks related to the implantation of Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL; STAAR Surgical, Monrovia, CA) phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) for myopia.


This retrospective, consecutive, cumulative clinical study was performed in a group of 144 eyes implanted with ICL PIOL for myopia. Only the cases with clinical data available 12 years after the implantation were included in the series. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected distance visual acuity, spherical equivalent, refractive astigmatism, endothelial cell density, ICL vaulting, and postoperative complications were analyzed.


Mean spherical equivalent refraction was -16.90±4.26 diopters (D) preoperatively and -1.77±1.93 D 12 years postoperatively. Mean CDVA at the first and last visit were 0.31±0.19 logMAR and 0.22±0.22 logMAR, respectively (Mann-Whitney U test, P<.001). Twelve years postoperatively, 8.9% of eyes had lost more than two lines of CDVA. The incidence of clinically relevant cataracts (13.88%) was significantly linked to the use of the V3 model ICL (chi-square test, P=.007). During the follow-up period, a significant reduction in PIOL vaulting was observed (Kruskal-Wallis test, P<.05), and the mean endothelial cell density decreased by 19.75%.


The ICL PIOL provided good refractive outcomes and stability in the long term. The incidence of cataracts is low when the latest models of this PIOL are used.

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