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Gastroenterology. 2015 Nov;149(6):1462-70. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2015.07.043. Epub 2015 Aug 4.

Efficacy of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin with or without peginterferon-alfa in patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 3 infection and treatment-experienced patients with cirrhosis and hepatitis C virus genotype 2 infection.

Author information

1
Queen Mary University of London, Barts Health, United Kingdom. Electronic address: g.r.foster@qmul.ac.uk.
2
Monash Health and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
3
Imperial College Healthcare, National Health Service Trust, London, United Kingdom.
4
St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom.
5
ID Care, Hillsborough, New Jersey.
6
Storr Liver Centre, Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
7
Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford NHIR BRC and representing STOP-HCV, United Kingdom.
8
Gilead Sciences, Foster City, California.
9
The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
10
Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

We conducted an open-label, randomized, phase 3 trial to determine the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and ribavirin, with and without peginterferon-alfa, in treatment-experienced patients with cirrhosis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 infection and treatment-naïve or treatment-experienced patients with HCV genotype 3 infection.

METHODS:

The study was conducted at 80 sites in Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to groups given sofosbuvir and ribavirin for 16 weeks (n = 196); sofosbuvir and ribavirin for 24 weeks (n = 199); or sofosbuvir, peginterferon-alfa, and ribavirin for 12 weeks (n = 197). The primary end point was the percentage of patients with HCV RNA <15 IU/mL 12 weeks after stopping therapy (sustained virologic response [SVR12]). From October 2013 until April 2014, we enrolled and treated 592 patients-48 with genotype 2 HCV and compensated cirrhosis who had not achieved SVR with previous treatments and 544 with genotype 3 HCV (279 treatment-naïve and 265 previously treated). Overall, 219 patients (37%) had compensated cirrhosis. The last post-treatment week 12 patient visit was in January 2015.

RESULTS:

Rates of SVR12 among patients with genotype 2 HCV were 87% and 100%, for those receiving 16 and 24 weeks of sofosbuvir and ribavirin, respectively, and 94% for those receiving sofosbuvir, peginterferon, and ribavirin for 12 weeks. Rates of SVR12 among patients with genotype 3 HCV were 71% and 84% in those receiving 16 and 24 weeks of sofosbuvir and ribavirin, respectively, and 93% in those receiving sofosbuvir, peginterferon, and ribavirin. On-treatment virologic failure occurred in 3 patients with HCV genotype 3a receiving sofosbuvir and ribavirin for 24 weeks. The most common adverse events were fatigue, headache, insomnia, and nausea. Overall, 1% of patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among patients with genotype 3 HCV infection, including a large proportion of treatment-experienced patients with cirrhosis, the combination of sofosbuvir, peginterferon, and ribavirin for 12 weeks produces high rates of SVR. Treatment-experienced patients with cirrhosis and genotype 2 HCV infection had high rates of SVR in all groups. EudraCT ID 2013-002641-11.

KEYWORDS:

BOSON; Hepatitis C Virus; Nucleotide Analog; Peginterferon

PMID:
26248087
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2015.07.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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