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Vet Parasitol. 2015 Sep 15;212(3-4):444-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.07.019. Epub 2015 Jul 26.

In vitro effects of Eucalyptus staigeriana nanoemulsion on Haemonchus contortus and toxicity in rodents.

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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Brazil.
Departamento de Química Analítica e Físico-Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Brazil.
Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Brazil.
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address:


Strategies for controlling gastrointestinal nematodes have been developed based on the use of numerous alternative methods, including the use of phytotherapy. New formulations of essential oils with anthelmintic activity have been proposed as a means to optimize their biological effects. Thus, the objective of this study was to formulate a nanoemulsion to optimize the nematicide effect of Eucalyptus staigeriana essential oil (EsEO). Initially, physico-chemical analyses were performed to verify the stability of the E. staigeriana nanoemulsion (EsNano). In vitro tests were conducted to evaluate the ovicidal and larvicidal activities of both EsNano and EsEO against Haemonchus contortus, and toxicology tests were then performed on rodents. The EsEO content in the nanoemulsion was 36.4% (v/v), and the mean particle size was 274.3 nm. EsNano and EsEO inhibited larval hatching by 99% and 96.3% at 1 and 2mg/ml concentrations, respectively, and inhibited larval development by 96.3% and 97.3% at 8 mg/ml concentrations. The acute toxicity test revealed that the EsNano and EsEO doses required to kill 50% of the mice (LD50) were 1,603.9 and 3,495.9 mg/ml, respectively. EsNano did not alter the hematological parameters in the rats after treatment.


Anthelmintic; Chitosan; Haemonchus contortus; Nanoemulsion

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