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Childs Nerv Syst. 2016 Feb;32(2):395-8. doi: 10.1007/s00381-015-2848-6. Epub 2015 Aug 1.

Cavernous angioma after chemotherapy for desmoplastic/nodular medulloblastoma associated with anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan. fyama@hiroshima-u.ac.jp.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.
4
Department of Clinical Oncology and Neuro-oncology Program, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

While cavernous angioma (CVA) after cranial irradiation has been documented, its development after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) has not. We present a patient with desmoplastic/nodular medulloblastoma (DNMB) associated with anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (AED) who developed CVA 2 years after high-dose chemotherapy and PBSCT.

METHODS:

A 1-year-old boy with ingravescent vomiting was admitted to our institute. He presented with a large head, a depressed nasal bridge, low-set ears, thick lips with peg-shaped teeth, hypohidrosis, sparse hair, thin atrophic skin, scaly dermatitis with frontal bossing, and a bulging anterior fontanel. Neuroradiological examination revealed multiple cerebellar masses with heterogeneous enhancement and speckled calcifications and severe obstructive hydrocephalus. The histological diagnosis of surgical specimens was DNMB, and he underwent postoperative multiple-drug chemotherapy with autologous PBSCT. The outcome was favorable and he did not undergo radiotherapy.

RESULTS:

After 2 years, intracranial hemorrhage was detected at his regular radiological check-up and he again underwent surgery. The histological diagnosis was CVA.

CONCLUSIONS:

To our knowledge, this is the first report of AED-associated DNMB and CVA.

KEYWORDS:

Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia; Cavernous angioma; Chemotherapy; Medulloblastoma; Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

PMID:
26231569
DOI:
10.1007/s00381-015-2848-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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