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Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2016 Oct;18(5):1015-1022. doi: 10.1111/cid.12367. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

Salivary Concentration of Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in a Group of Patients with Peri-Implantitis: A Transversal Study.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain. marianosasi@um.es.
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to know if peri-implantitis causes an increase in the total salivary concentration of oxidative stress markers.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Seventy patients, 28 men and 42 women, 60 of them with dental implants, 30 of which had peri-implantitis and 30 were healthy. The remaining 10 were the control group: healthy subjects without implants. The average number of implants per patient was 4.70 ± 2.29 in the peri-implantitis group and 2 70 ± 2.11 in the control group. Periodontal/peri-implant variables were assessed, including bleeding index, gingival index, clinical attachment level, probing depth, presence of pockets larger than 4 and 6 mm, pain to percussion, suppuration, gingival hyperplasia or granuloma, crestal bone loss (both mesially and distally), evaluated through periapical radiography. Saliva samples from the 70 subjects were collected for measurement of malondialdehyde high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and myeloperoxidase (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis) concentrations.

RESULTS:

Implants affected with peri-implantitis had an average follow-up of 26.40 ± 7.97 months. 4.12% of implants with peri-implantitis had a painful response to percussion. 2.06% showed suppuration; 25.77% had granuloma. The mean crestal bone loss in implants wtih peri-implantitis was 3.78 ± 1.17 mm. Total salivary malondialdehyde concentration in the peri-implantitis group (0.52 ± 0.37 μM/l) was slightly higher than that in the group with healthy implants (0.40 ± 0.16 μM/l) and also slightly higher than that in the group of healthy patients without implants (0.41 ± 0.79 μM/l), although the difference was not statistically significant, p value = .442. Myeloperoxidase concentration was slightly higher in the peri-implantitis group (12.32 ± 2.17 ng/ml) than in the group with healthy implants (11.54 ± 2.80 ng/ml) and the group of healthy patients without implants (11.86 ± 2.67 ng/ml), without statistically significant differences, p value = .584.

CONCLUSIONS:

The salivary concentration of oxidative stress markers in patients with peri-implantitis and without periodontitis is not higher than that found in healthy patients.

KEYWORDS:

clinical study; inflammation; peri-implantitis

PMID:
26230313
DOI:
10.1111/cid.12367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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