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Urol Ann. 2015 Jul-Sep;7(3):303-8. doi: 10.4103/0974-7796.150490.

Penile lichen sclerosus: An urologist's nightmare! - A single center experience.

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1
Department of Urology, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Penile lichen sclerosus (LS) is a nagging condition and its progression result in devastating urinary and sexual problems and reduction in the quality-of-life. This study has been carried out to present our experience about this disease with simultaneous review of the available literature.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This retrospective study has been done at a tertiary care center of eastern India. The data of 306 patients affected with LS were analyzed for clinical presentation, physical examination, investigations, and treatment offered.

RESULTS:

Presenting symptoms were non-specific. The prepuce was most commonly involved location followed by glans and meatus. Urethral involvement was not isolated as the primary site. Circumcision was done in 237 patients, while 63 patients underwent meatotomy. Thirty-six of 39 cases of LS induced stricture were treated with buccal mucosal graft (BMG) either in one stage or in two stages.

CONCLUSION:

LS varies from being a highly aggressive disease of the penis and anterior urethra to a burnt out condition affecting just the meatus and surrounding glans. Early diagnosis and treatment are required to prevent its complication and associated morbidity. Management depends on the anatomical location of lesion, extent of involvement, rapidity of progression and its severity. Use of BMG in LS induced urethral stricture has shown encouraging results.

KEYWORDS:

Balanitis xerotica obliterans; lichen sclerosus; meatal stenosis; penis; urethral stricture

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