Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Plant Physiol. 2015 Sep;169(1):485-96. doi: 10.1104/pp.15.00528. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Pollen Tube Discharge Completes the Process of Synergid Degeneration That Is Initiated by Pollen Tube-Synergid Interaction in Arabidopsis.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (A.R.L., M.A.J.);School of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (T.T., D.D., Y.Q., R.P.); andCenter for Genomics and Biotechnology and College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China (Y.Q.).
2
Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (A.R.L., M.A.J.);School of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (T.T., D.D., Y.Q., R.P.); andCenter for Genomics and Biotechnology and College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China (Y.Q.) rpalaniv@email.arizona.edu mark_johnson_1@brown.edu.

Abstract

In flowering plant reproduction, pollen tube reception is the signaling system that results in pollen tube discharge, synergid degeneration, and successful delivery of male gametes (two sperm cells) to the site where they can fuse with female gametes (egg cell and central cell). Some molecules required for this complex and essential signaling exchange have been identified; however, fundamental questions about the nature of the interactions between the pollen tube and the synergid cells remain to be clarified. Here, we monitor pollen tube arrival, pollen tube discharge, and synergid degeneration in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) wild type and in male and female gametophytic mutants that disrupt development and function of the gametophytes. By combining assays used previously to study these interactions and an assay that facilitates simultaneous analysis of pollen tube discharge and synergid degeneration, we find that synergid degeneration could be initiated without pollen tube discharge. Our data support the hypothesis that pollen tube-synergid contact, or signaling via secreted molecules, initiates receptive synergid degeneration. We also find that when pollen tubes successfully burst, they always discharge into a degenerated synergid. In addition to this pollen tube-dependent promotion of synergid degeneration, we also show that a basal developmental pathway mediates synergid degeneration in the absence of pollination. Our results are consistent with the model that a complex set of interactions between the pollen tube and synergid cells promote receptive synergid degeneration.

PMID:
26229050
PMCID:
PMC4577395
DOI:
10.1104/pp.15.00528
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center