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Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015 Nov;42(12):1912-9. doi: 10.1007/s00259-015-3141-3. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

First determination of the heart-to-mediastinum ratio using cardiac dual isotope (¹²³I-MIBG/⁹⁹mTc-tetrofosmin) CZT imaging in patients with heart failure: the ADRECARD study.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU Côte de Nacre, Caen, France.
EA 4650, Normandie Université, Caen, France.
Cardiology Department, CHU Côte de Nacre, Caen, France.
Spectrum Dynamics, Biosensors, Caesarea, Israel.
Nuclear Medicine Department, IRIS, Polyclinique du Bois, Lille, France.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU Côte de Nacre, Caen, France.
EA 4650, Normandie Université, Caen, France.



Cardiac innervation is assessed using the heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) of metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) on planar imaging using Anger single photon emission computed tomography (A-SPECT). The aim of the study was to determine the HMR of MIBG obtained using a CZT-based camera (D-SPECT; Spectrum Dynamics, Israel) in comparison with that obtained using conventional planar imaging.


The ADRECARD study prospectively evaluated 44 patients with heart failure. They underwent planar acquisition using the A-SPECT camera 4 h after (123)I-MIBG injection (236.4 ± 39.7 MBq). To localize the heart using D-SPECT, (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin (753 ± 133 MBq) was administered and dual isotope acquisition was performed using the D-SPECT system. HMR was calculated using both planar A-SPECT imaging and front view D-SPECT cine data. In a phantom study, we estimated a model fitting the A-SPECT and the D-SPECT data that was further applied to correct for differences between the cameras.


A total of 44 patients (39 men and 5 women, aged 60 ± 11 years) with ischaemic (31 patients) and nonischaemic (13 patients) cardiomyopathy completed the study. Most patients (28 of 44) were NYHA class II, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 33 ± 7 %. The mean HMR values were 1.34 ± 0.15 and 1.45 ± 0.27 from A-SPECT and D-SPECT, respectively (p < 0.0001). After correction, Lin's concordance correlation showed an almost perfect concordance between corrected D-SPECT HMR and A-SPECT HMR, and Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a high agreement between the two measurements.


The ADRECARD study demonstrated that determination of late HMR during cardiac MIBG imaging using dual isotope ((123)I and (99m)Tc) acquisition on a CZT camera (D-SPECT) is feasible in patients with heart failure. A linear correction based on the phantom study yielded a high agreement between (123)I MIBG HMR obtained using a CZT camera and that from conventional planar imaging.


CZT; D-SPECT; Dual isotope; Heart failure; Heart-to-mediastinum ratio; MIBG

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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