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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2015 Sep;19(9):528-31. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2015.0109. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Genetic and Clinical Analyses of Southern Chinese Children with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome.

Author information

1
1 Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center , Guangzhou, China .
2
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center , Guangzhou, China .
3
3 Department of Pathology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center , Guangzhou, China .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Children with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) suffer from the continuous growth of polyps in their gastrointestinal tracts. Limited research on PJS has found that truncating mutations of the serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) gene may correlate with early symptoms and a greater number of polyps. Thus, further studies correlating the genetic and clinical characteristics of PJS would increase our understanding of this condition and improve recommendations for treatment.

AIMS:

Our study was designed to characterize the genetic and clinical characteristics of four Chinese PJS children (two girls and two boys) and their affected relatives from Southern China.

RESULTS:

One recurrent missense mutation (c.487G>C) and two novel nonsense (truncation) mutations (c.717G>A and c.871G>T) in the STK11 gene were identified. The two boys with nonsense mutations underwent their first surgeries at younger ages (2 and 4 years) compared to the others. The two girls underwent their first surgeries at similar ages, though the girl with the nonsense mutation underwent more surgeries than the girl with the missense mutation. The children with truncation mutations had medium to high counts of hamartomatous polyps, whereas the girl with the missense mutation had a lower count. The clinical findings were similar among affected individuals within each of the three families.

CONCLUSIONS:

These cases are consistent with previous findings, thus we conclude that children with nonsense mutations in STK11 should be closely monitored for polyp formation.

PMID:
26225618
DOI:
10.1089/gtmb.2015.0109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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