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Rev Chil Pediatr. 2015 Jan-Feb;86(1):12-7. doi: 10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.003.

[Nutritional status and socio-epidemiological features of schoolchildren, WHO 2007].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Licenciada en Medicina y Cirugia. Residente de Pediatría, Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, España.. Electronic address: esthertob@gmail.com.
2
Licenciado en Medicina y Cirugia. Residente de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Albacete, Castilla La Mancha, España.
3
Programa de Magister en Estadística, Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.

Erratum in

  • Rev Chil Pediatr. 2015 Mar-Apr;86(2):134. Badilla, C Rodrillo [corrected to Badilla, C Rodrigo].

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Current Chilean childhood obesity fi res are within the highest in the world.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the nutritional status of Quilpué schoolchildren and its relationship with demographic and socioeconomic variables.

METHODS:

The nutritional status (OMS 2007) of 1091 schoolchildren was assessed using measurements of height and weight obtained in the "Pilot School Health Program" conducted in the schools of the Municipal Corporation of Quilpué, which included pupils from kindergarten to 4th grade. The program described above, as well as SINAE databases, were used for the Healthcare and School Vulnerability Index (SVI) variables, respectively, as well as the the number of hours of physical education, type of lunches, and the presence of vendors at school, were obtained using a questionnaire in schools.

RESULTS:

Obesity was observed in 26.3% of students, and a further 27.7% were overweight. Obesity was more frequent in boys (32.3%) compared to girls (20.1%) (P<.01); in third grade (31.8%) (P=.01); if lunches were parental choices (26.7%) (P<.01); and with the presence of school vendors (26.3%) (P=.01). No significant differences in socioeconomic status regarding BMI were found, but the most vulnerable children (municipal schools, high SVI, Fonasa A healthcare) had lower average height and higher rates of chronic malnutrition (height <-2 SD).

CONCLUSIONS:

A high prevalence of obesity was found in this study, which highlights the need for monitoring and nutrtional intervention strategies at school age (which once finalized, the Healthy Child Surveillance does not carry out any more controls), taking into account the most vulnerable sectors.

KEYWORDS:

Height; Nutritional Status; Obesidad; Obesity; Schools; Weight; escuelas; estado nutricional; peso; talla

PMID:
26223392
DOI:
10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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