Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Aug;100(8):2807-31. doi: 10.1210/jc.2015-1818. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline.

Author information

Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology (L.K.N.), The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892; Neuroendocrine Unit (B.M.K.B.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114; Medical College of Wisconsin (J.W.F.), Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226; Mayo Clinic (M.H.M.), Division of Preventive Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905; Department of Human Metabolism (J.N.-P.), School of Medicine and Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2RX, United Kingdom; William Harvey Research Institute (M.O.S.), Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London EC1M 6BQ, United Kingdom; and Department of Endocrinology (A.T.), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux and Inserm 862, University of Bordeaux, 33077 Bordeaux, France.



The objective is to formulate clinical practice guidelines for treating Cushing's syndrome.


Participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed Task Force of experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. The European Society for Endocrinology co-sponsored the guideline.


The Task Force used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence. The Task Force commissioned three systematic reviews and used the best available evidence from other published systematic reviews and individual studies.


The Task Force achieved consensus through one group meeting, several conference calls, and numerous e-mail communications. Committees and members of The Endocrine Society and the European Society of Endocrinology reviewed and commented on preliminary drafts of these guidelines.


Treatment of Cushing's syndrome is essential to reduce mortality and associated comorbidities. Effective treatment includes the normalization of cortisol levels or action. It also includes the normalization of comorbidities via directly treating the cause of Cushing's syndrome and by adjunctive treatments (eg, antihypertensives). Surgical resection of the causal lesion(s) is generally the first-line approach. The choice of second-line treatments, including medication, bilateral adrenalectomy, and radiation therapy (for corticotrope tumors), must be individualized to each patient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center