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Sci Rep. 2015 Jul 29;5:12538. doi: 10.1038/srep12538.

A Comparison of Intravenous plus Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy with Intravenous Chemotherapy Alone for the Treatment of Gastric Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.

Yang S1,2,3,4, Feng R2, Pan ZC2, Jiang T2, Xu Q2, Chen Q1,2,3,4.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fujian, China.
2
Teaching and Research Department of Oncology, Union Clinical medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fujian, China.
3
Fujian Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine, Fujian, China.
4
Fujian Medical University Stem Cell Research Institute, Fujian, China.

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intravenous (IV) plus intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy compared to intravenous (IV) chemotherapy alone for patients with gastric cancer. Electronic databases were searched up to June 2013. Two authors independently selected studies, extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. The GRADE System was adopted to rate the level of evidence. Of 392 citations, five RCTs involving 1072 patients were included. Overall, a significant improvement in in one- and three- and five-year survival rate was observed in the IV plus IP chemotherapy group (3 RCTs, n = 360, RR = 1.10, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.17), (5 RCTs, n = 953, RR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.35) and (3 RCTs, n = 347, RR = 1.42, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.80), respectively. Results supported a significant decrease in the rate of metastases (1 RCT, n = 85, RR = 0.41 95% CI 0.19 to 0.89) and peritoneal recurrence (2 RCTs, n = 297, RR = 0.41, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.62) in the IV plus IP chemotherapy group, however, the incidence of adverse events was increased. For patients with gastric cancer, IV plus IP chemotherapy can improve the overall survival rate and prevent the distant or peritoneal metastases. An increased risk of neutropenia, peripheral edema and neuropathy was observed.

PMID:
26220081
PMCID:
PMC4518228
DOI:
10.1038/srep12538
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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