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J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2016 Mar;77(2):79-87. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1551830. Epub 2015 Jul 27.

The Value of Pre- and Intraoperative Adjuncts on the Extent of Resection of Hemispheric Low-Grade Gliomas: A Retrospective Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To achieve maximal resection with minimal risk of postoperative neurologic morbidity, different neurosurgical adjuncts are being used during low-grade glioma (LGG) surgery.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the effect of pre- and intraoperative adjuncts on the extent of resection (EOR) of hemispheric LGGs.

METHODS:

Medical records were reviewed to identify patients of any sex, ≥ 18 years of age, who underwent LGG surgery at X Hospital between January 2005 and July 2013. Patients were divided into eight subgroups based on the use of various combinations of a neuronavigation system alone (NN), functional MRI-diffusion tensor imaging (fMRI-DTI) guided neuronavigation (FD), intraoperative MRI (MR), and direct electrical stimulation (DES). Initial and residual tumors were measured, and mean EOR was compared between groups.

RESULTS:

Of all 128 patients, gross total resection was achieved in 23.4%. Overall mean EOR was 81.3% ± 20.5%. Using DES in combination with fMRI-DTI (mean EOR: 86.7% ± 12.4%) on eloquent tumors improved mean EOR significantly after adjustment for potential confounders when compared with NN alone (mean EOR: 76.4% ± 25.5%; p = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Using DES in combination with fMRI and DTI significantly improves EOR when LGGs are located in eloquent areas compared with craniotomies in which only NN was used.

PMID:
26216736
PMCID:
PMC4836365
[Available on 2017-03-01]
DOI:
10.1055/s-0035-1551830
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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