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J Clin Nurs. 2015 Oct;24(19-20):2926-35. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12907. Epub 2015 Jul 27.

Discerning the healing path--how nurses assist patient spirituality in diverse health care settings.

Author information

1
Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Bergen, Norway.
2
Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, CA, USA.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

To examine nurses' experiences in spiritual care in diverse clinical settings, preferably not palliative care.

BACKGROUND:

Spirituality is part of holistic nursing care. The concept of spiritual literacy is introduced as the nurse's ability to read the spiritual signs of the human experience.

DESIGN:

Classical grounded theory methodology with open and selective coding was used to identify the participants' main concern and the strategies they used to resolve it, and to develop a substantive grounded theory.

METHOD:

Data were collected in 2008 and 2014 during eight focus group interviews with a total of 22 nurses recruited from a master's programme, postgraduate programmes and a local hospital. Data were analysed through constant comparison until the grounded theory emerged.

RESULTS:

The participants' main concern was how to assist the patient to alleviation. The participants resolved this by Discerning the healing path, which comprises three stages: Tuning in on spirituality, Uncovering deep concerns and Facilitating the healing process. These three stages are accompanied all the way by the participants' Willingness to overcome own comfort zone and Building a trusting relationship.

CONCLUSION:

Spirituality is of relevance for all areas of nursing care, not just dying patients or those in palliative care. Spirituality relates to the deep and important things in life and affects how patients face health issues. Nurses attend to spirituality in patients because the pain of the soul touches them and the calmness of spiritual peace amazes them.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

The professional culture in the health care team socialises nurses into the workplace, and leaders need to pay close attention to how they can foster openness to spiritual matters. The personal and professional maturity of the nurse is fundamental to his or her willingness and ability to overcome own comfort zone.

KEYWORDS:

clinical practice; existential care; nurse-patient relationship; nursing intervention; qualitative method; spiritual care

PMID:
26215560
DOI:
10.1111/jocn.12907
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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