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Jacobs J AIDS HIV. 2015 Jun;1(1). pii: 005.

Autonomic Function is Associated with Fitness Level in HIV-Infected Individuals.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitative Science, College of Education, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA.
2
Hawaii Center for AIDS, Department of Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA.
3
Math and Science Department, Kapiolani Community College, Honolulu, HI, USA.
4
Department of Neurology, Straub Clinic & Hospital, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiovascular fitness can improve autonomic function (AF) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study investigating relationship between AF and cardiovascular fitness in HIV+ individuals on antiretroviral therapy. Participants' (n=29) maximal oxygen consumption (VO2MAX) were assessed by graded exercise test and scaled allometrically, then divided into tertiles by fitness level (Unfit, Low-fit, and Moderately-fit). Heart rate variability (HRV) and the Autonomic Reflex Screen were used to assess AF.

RESULTS:

Median VO2MAX were 104.9, 130.5, and 150.2 mL•kg-.67•min-1 for Unfit (n=10), Low-fit (n=10), and Moderately-fit (n= 9) groups respectively (p<0.05). Positive correlations were found between VO2MAX and HRV (Spearman's rho range 0.383 to 0.553) were found. Quantitative Sudomotor Axon Reflex Test (QSART) Distal Leg volumes was lower in Unfit compared to Low-fit (p=0.007) and Moderately-fit groups (p=0.018). Unfit QSART total volumes was lower than Moderately-fit (p=0.014).

CONCLUSION:

A positive relationship existed between AF and fitness levels. HIV+ individuals could benefit from improved fitness.

KEYWORDS:

Autonomic Nervous System; Autonomic Reflex Screen; HIV; Heart Rate Variability; VO2MAX

PMID:
26213714
PMCID:
PMC4512303

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