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Health Behav Policy Rev. 2015 Jan;2(1):62-73.

Optimism and Cardiovascular Health: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

Author information

1
School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.
2
Dept of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.
3
Dept of Psychology, Chapman University, Orange, CA.
4
Dept of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
5
School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the cross-sectional association between optimism and cardiovascular health (CVH).

METHODS:

We used data collected from adults aged 52-84 who participated in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) (n=5,134) during the first follow-up visit (2002-2004). Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine associations of optimism with ideal and intermediate CVH (with reference being poor CVH), after adjusting for socio-demographic factors and psychological ill-being.

RESULTS:

Participants in the highest quartile of optimism were more likely to have intermediate [OR=1.51:95%CI=1.25,1.82] and ideal [OR=1.92:95%CI=1.30,2.85] CVH when compared to the least optimistic group. Individual CVH metrics of diet, physical activity, BMI, smoking, blood sugar and total cholesterol contributed to the overall association.

CONCLUSIONS:

We offer evidence for a cross-sectional association between optimism and CVH.

KEYWORDS:

cardiovascular health; optimism; well-being

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