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Curr Obes Rep. 2015 Jun;4(2):157-73. doi: 10.1007/s13679-015-0160-0.

A Review of Primary Care-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment Interventions.

Author information

1
HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, 8170 33rd Ave. S., Mailstop 23301A, Minneapolis, MN 55440, USA.

Abstract

Effective obesity prevention and treatment interventions targeting children and their families are needed to help curb the obesity epidemic. Pediatric primary care is a promising setting for these interventions, and a growing number of studies are set in this context. This review aims to identify randomized controlled trials of pediatric primary care-based obesity interventions. A literature search of 3 databases retrieved 2947 publications, of which 2899 publications were excluded after abstract (n=2722) and full-text review (n=177). Forty-eight publications, representing 31 studies, were included in the review. Eight studies demonstrated a significant intervention effect on child weight outcomes (e.g., BMI z-score, weight-for-length percentile). Effective interventions were mainly treatment interventions, and tended to focus on multiple behaviors, contain weight management components, and include monitoring of weight-related behaviors (e.g., dietary intake, physical activity, or sedentary behaviors). Overall, results demonstrate modest support for the efficacy of obesity treatment interventions set in primary care.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood obesity; Prevention; Primary care; Treatment

PMID:
26213643
PMCID:
PMC4512668
DOI:
10.1007/s13679-015-0160-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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