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An Pediatr (Barc). 2016 Mar;84(3):178.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2015.06.004. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

[Recommendations of the Spanish Paediatric Endocrinology Society Working Group on Obesity on eating habits for the prevention of obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in childhood].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, España. Electronic address: palomo.enrique@gmail.com.
2
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, España.
3
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España.
4
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario Sant Joan de Reus, Reus, Tarragona, España.
5
Unidad de Metabolismo Infantil, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía - IMIBIC, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España.
6
Departamento Materno Infantil y Radiología. U.G.C. de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Universidad de Cádiz, Cádiz, España.
7
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, España.
8
Unidad de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario de Cruces Baracaldo, Vizcaya, España.

Abstract

Childhood obesity is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease and early mortality. This paper summarises the currently available evidence on the implications of dietary factors on the development and prevention of obesity in paediatric patients. Evidence-based recommendations are: promote the consumption of slowly absorbed carbohydrates and reduce those with a high-glycaemic-index, avoid intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. Fat may provide up to 30-35% of the daily energy intake and saturated fat should provide no more than 10% of daily energy intake; reduce cholesterol intake, avoid formula milk with a high protein content during the first year; promote higher fibre content in the diet, reduce sodium intake, and have at least four meals a day, avoiding regular consumption of fast food and snacks.

KEYWORDS:

Balance energético; Body mass index; Comportamiento alimentario; Eating habits; Energy intake; Micronutrientes; Micronutrients; Obesidad infantil; Paediatric obesity; Índice de masa corporal

PMID:
26212421
DOI:
10.1016/j.anpedi.2015.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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