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J Anat. 1989 Oct;166:179-89.

The functional anatomy of tensor fasciae latae and gluteus medius and minimus.

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Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235.


The more accurate description of the anatomy of the glutei and the new biomechanical theory that has been presented describe the abductor mechanism as a system in which the tensor fasciae latae has the primary function of balancing the weight of the body and the non-weight-bearing leg during walking. Gluteus medius with its three parts and phasic functions is responsible for the stabilisation of the hip joint in the initial phase of the gait cycle. It is important also in initiating the major gait determinant of pelvic rotation. Gluteus minimus functions as a primary hip stabiliser during the mid- and late phase of the gait cycle.

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