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Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Oct 5;764:520-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.07.046. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

A natural xanthone increases catalase activity but decreases NF-kappa B and lipid peroxidation in U-937 and HepG2 cell lines.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics, Nampally, Hyderabad 500001, Telangana, India.
2
Laboratory of Immunology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics, Nampally, Hyderabad 500001, Telangana, India; Manipal University, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India.
3
Laboratory of Immunology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics, Nampally, Hyderabad 500001, Telangana, India. Electronic address: manna@cdfd.org.in.

Abstract

Mangiferin, a C-glycosyl xanthone, has shown anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-tumorigenic activities. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism for the antioxidant property of mangiferin. Considering the role of nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) in inflammation and tumorigenesis, we hypothesized that modulating its activity will be a viable therapeutic target in regulating the redox-sensitive ailments. Our results show that mangiferin blocks several inducers, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), lypopolysaccharide (LPS), phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) mediated NF-κB activation via inhibition of reactive oxygen species generation. In silico docking studies predicted strong binding energy of mangiferin to the active site of catalase (-9.13 kcal/mol), but not with other oxidases such as myeloperoxidase, glutathione peroxidase, or inducible nitric oxide synthase. Mangiferin increased activity of catalase by 44%, but had no effect on myeloperoxidase activity in vitro. Fluorescence spectroscopy further revealed the binding of mangiferin to catalase at the single site with binding constant and binding affinity of 3.1×10(-7) M(-1) and 1.046 respectively. Mangiferin also inhibits TNF-induced lipid peroxidation and thereby protects apoptosis. Hence, mangiferin with its ability to inhibit NF-κB and increase the catalase activity may prove to be a potent therapeutic.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant; Catalase; Mangiferin; NF-κB; Oxidative stress; TNF

PMID:
26209362
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.07.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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