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J Adolesc Health. 2015 Aug;57(2):212-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.04.012.

Evaluation of Outcomes in Adolescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Following Transfer From Pediatric to Adult Health Care Services: Case for Transition.

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Hull & York Medical School, Hull, United Kingdom.
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom.
Department of Radiology, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unit, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom. Electronic address:



We aimed to evaluate the impact of a transition service on clinical and developmental outcomes in adolescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients on transfer to adult health care services.


We reviewed the records of IBD patients diagnosed in pediatric care following their transfer/attendance to the adult IBD service. The data on patients who attended the transition service were compared with those who did not pass through the transition service.


Seventy-two patients were included in the study 41M and 31F. Forty-four patients went through the transition system (Group A), and 28 had no formalized transition arrangement before transfer (Group B). A significantly higher number of Group B patients needed surgery within 2 years of transfer when compared with patients in Group A (46% vs. 25%, p = .01). Sixty-one percent of patients in Group B needed at least one admission within 2 years of transfer when compared with 29% of Group A patients (p = .002). Nonattendance at clinics was higher in Group B patients with 78% having at least one nonattendance, whereas 29% of Group A failed to attend at least one appointment (p = .001). In addition, drug compliance rates were higher in the transition group when compared with Group B (89% and 46%, respectively; p = .002). A higher proportion of transitioned patients achieved their estimated maximum growth potential when completing adolescence. There was a trend toward higher dependence on opiates and smoking in Group B patients.


In adolescent IBD patients, transition care is associated with better disease specific and developmental outcomes. Prospective studies of different models of transition care in IBD are needed.


Adolescent; Inflammatory bowel disease; Outcomes; Transfer; Transition

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