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J Adolesc Health. 2015 Aug;57(2):212-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.04.012.

Evaluation of Outcomes in Adolescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Following Transfer From Pediatric to Adult Health Care Services: Case for Transition.

Author information

1
Hull & York Medical School, Hull, United Kingdom.
2
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom.
3
Department of Radiology, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom.
4
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unit, Hull & East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Hull, United Kingdom. Electronic address: shaji.sebastian@hey.nhs.uk.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to evaluate the impact of a transition service on clinical and developmental outcomes in adolescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients on transfer to adult health care services.

METHODS:

We reviewed the records of IBD patients diagnosed in pediatric care following their transfer/attendance to the adult IBD service. The data on patients who attended the transition service were compared with those who did not pass through the transition service.

RESULTS:

Seventy-two patients were included in the study 41M and 31F. Forty-four patients went through the transition system (Group A), and 28 had no formalized transition arrangement before transfer (Group B). A significantly higher number of Group B patients needed surgery within 2 years of transfer when compared with patients in Group A (46% vs. 25%, p = .01). Sixty-one percent of patients in Group B needed at least one admission within 2 years of transfer when compared with 29% of Group A patients (p = .002). Nonattendance at clinics was higher in Group B patients with 78% having at least one nonattendance, whereas 29% of Group A failed to attend at least one appointment (p = .001). In addition, drug compliance rates were higher in the transition group when compared with Group B (89% and 46%, respectively; p = .002). A higher proportion of transitioned patients achieved their estimated maximum growth potential when completing adolescence. There was a trend toward higher dependence on opiates and smoking in Group B patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

In adolescent IBD patients, transition care is associated with better disease specific and developmental outcomes. Prospective studies of different models of transition care in IBD are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Inflammatory bowel disease; Outcomes; Transfer; Transition

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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