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J Cell Biochem. 2016 Jan;117(1):29-38. doi: 10.1002/jcb.25281.

Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein (MBD) Family: Epigenomic Read-Outs Functions and Roles in Tumorigenesis and Psychiatric Diseases.

Author information

1
Disciplina de Genética, Departamento de Morfologia e Genética, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Botucatu, 740, Edifício Leitão da Cunha, 1, ° andar, CEP 04023-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
2
Disciplina de Gastroenterologia Cirúrgica, Departamento de Cirurgia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), R. Napoleão de Barros, 715, 2º andar, CEP:04024-002, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

Epigenetics is the study of the heritable changes on gene expression that are responsible for the regulation of development and that have an impact on several diseases. However, it is of equal importance to understand how epigenetic machinery works. DNA methylation is the most studied epigenetic mark and is generally associated with the regulation of gene expression through the repression of promoter activity and by affecting genome stability. Therefore, the ability of the cell to interpret correct methylation marks and/or the correct interpretation of methylation plays a role in many diseases. The major family of proteins that bind methylated DNA is the methyl-CpG binding domain proteins, or the MBDs. Here, we discuss the structure that makes these proteins a family, the main functions and interactions of all protein family members and their role in human disease such as psychiatric disorders and cancer.

KEYWORDS:

AUTISM; CANCER; DNA METHYLATION; EPIGENETICS; METHYL-CpG BINDING PROTEIN; SCHIZOPHRENIA

PMID:
26205787
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.25281
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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