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BMC Dermatol. 2015 Jul 23;15:12. doi: 10.1186/s12895-015-0031-0.

Features of human scabies in resource-limited settings: the Cameroon case.

Author information

1
Biyem-Assi District Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. kouotoea@yahoo.fr.
2
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. kouotoea@yahoo.fr.
3
Yaoundé General Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. kouotoea@yahoo.fr.
4
Sickle Cell Disease Unit, Mother and Child Centre, Chantal Biya Foundation, Yaoundé, Cameroon. jobertrichie_nansseu@yahoo.fr.
5
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, PO Box 1364, Yaoundé, Cameroon. jobertrichie_nansseu@yahoo.fr.
6
School of Public Health, University of Montréal, Montréal, Canada. isidoros2002@yahoo.fr.
7
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. defodefo24@yahoo.com.
8
Yaoundé Central Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. defodefo24@yahoo.com.
9
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. annezkbissek@yahoo.fr.
10
Yaoundé General Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. annezkbissek@yahoo.fr.
11
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. ecndam@yahoo.fr.
12
Yaoundé General Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. ecndam@yahoo.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The persistent high prevalence of human scabies, especially in low- and middle-income countries prompted us to research the sociodemographic profile of patients suffering from it, and its spreading factors in Cameroon, a resource-poor setting.

METHODS:

We conducted a cross-sectional survey from October 2011 to September 2012 in three hospitals located in Yaoundé, Cameroon, and enrolled patients diagnosed with human scabies during dermatologists' consultations who volunteered to take part in the study.

RESULTS:

We included 255 patients of whom 158 (62 %) were male. Age ranged from 0 to 80 years old with a median of 18 (Inter quartile range: 3-29) years. One to eight persons of our patients' entourage exhibited pruritus (mean = 2.1 ± 1.8). The number of persons per bed/room varied from 1 to 5 (mean = 2.1 ± 0.8). The first dermatologist's consultation occurred 4 to 720 days after the onset of symptoms (mean = 77.1 ± 63.7). The post-scabies pruritus (10.2 % of cases) was unrelated to the complications observed before correct treatment (all p values > 0.05), mainly impetiginization (7.1 %) and eczematization (5.9 %).

CONCLUSION:

Human scabies remains preponderant in our milieu. Populations should be educated on preventive measures in order to avoid this disease, and clinicians' knowledges must be strengthened for its proper diagnosis and management.

PMID:
26201604
PMCID:
PMC4512092
DOI:
10.1186/s12895-015-0031-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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