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J Med Assoc Thai. 2015 May;98 Suppl 4:S79-86.

The Effect of the Arm Swing on the Heart Rate of Non-Athletes.



The Arm Swing Exercise (ASE) is a style of alternative medicine. The ASE normally follows the pattern of swing forward 30 degrees and then swing backward 60 degrees for each swing. It is thought that practicing the ASE can improve musculoskeletal performance.


The purposes of this study were: 1) to compare the difference in mean number of arm swings, heart rates and energy expenditures between the groups, 2) To examine the effect of basic characteristics and number of arm swing on heart rates and energy expenditures in Thai people.


This practice attracted researchers to study the benefits of the ASE in various groups. The ASE pattern was modified to swing forward 90 degrees and swing backward 60 degrees in this research study. The ASE was performed in three age groups of Thai people without diseases: 1) 18-25 years old, n = 25 2) 26-35 years old, n = 25 and 3) 36-55 years old, n = 25 sample of all cases were drawn from volunteers. The instrument utilized was heart rate monitor. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANO VA, correlation and multiple regression.


The findings revealed that Thai people's mean heart rates, number of arm swings and energy expenditures were significantly different in each group at p-value = 0.05 (F = 5.757, 5.250 and 3.196, p-value = 0.005, 0.007 and 0.47, respectively) with statistical significance at p-value = 0.05 in each group. The basic characteristics in the population groups found that body weight, age and number of arm swings affected heart rate (t = 2.5 75, 2.341 and 2.058, p-value = 0.012, 0.022 and 0.043, respectively).


Although ASE is a light intensity exercise, if done 30 minutes every day, ASE will improve efficacy of the cardiovascular system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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