Send to

Choose Destination
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jul;56(8):4619-30. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-16910.

Autosomal Recessive Bestrophinopathy Is Not Associated With the Loss of Bestrophin-1 Anion Channel Function in a Patient With a Novel BEST1 Mutation.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.
Center for Regenerative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.
Department of Ophthalmology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States 3Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.



Mutations in BEST1, encoding bestrophin-1 (Best1), cause autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB). Encoding bestrophin-1 is a pentameric anion channel localized to the basolateral plasma membrane of the RPE. Here, we characterize the effects of the mutations R141H (CGC > CAC) and I366fsX18 (c.1098_1100+7del), identified in a patient in our practice, on Best1 trafficking, oligomerization, and channel activity.


Currents of Cl- were assessed in transfected HEK293 cells using whole-cell patch clamp. Best1 localization was assessed by confocal microscopy in differentiated, human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived RPE (iPSC-RPE) cells following expression of mutants via adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. Oligomerization was evaluated by coimmunoprecipitation in iPSC-RPE and MDCK cells.


Compared to Best1, Best1 I366fsX18 currents were increased while Best1 R141H Cl- currents were diminished. Coexpression of Best1 R141H with Best1 or Best1 I366fsX18 resulted in rescued channel activity. Overexpressed Best1, Best1 R141H, and Best1 I366fsX18 were all properly localized in iPSC-RPE cells; Best1 R141H and Best1 I366fsX18 coimmunoprecipitated with endogenous Best1 in iPSC-RPE cells and with each other in MDCK cells.


The first 366 amino acids of Best1 are sufficient to mediate channel activity and homo-oligomerization. The combination of Best1 and Best1 R141H does not cause disease, while Best1 R141H together with Best1 I366fsX18 causes ARB. Since both combinations generate comparable Cl- currents, this indicates that ARB in this patient is not caused by a loss of channel activity. Moreover, Best1 I366fsX18 differs from Best1 in that it lacks most of the cytosolic C-terminal domain, suggesting that the loss of this region contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of ARB in this patient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center