Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Transfus Med. 2015 Oct;25(5):333-6. doi: 10.1111/tme.12229. Epub 2015 Jul 22.

A novel cis-AB variant allele arising from a de novo nucleotide substitution c.796A>G (p.M266V) in the B glycosyltransferase gene.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
2
Center for Creative Biomedical Scientists, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.
3
Department of Companion & Laboratory Animal Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, Korea.
4
Department of Forensic Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
5
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
7
Institute for Transfusion Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
8
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.
9
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cis-AB, a rare ABO variant, is the result of a mutated ABO gene that produces a glycosyltransferase enzyme with dual A and B glycosyltransferase activity. It may lead to ABO discrepancies and a delay in establishing the blood group. To date, there have been no reports of a de novo mutation leading to a cis-AB allele.

OBJECTIVES AND METHODS:

Sequencing of the ABO gene using blood and hair follicle cells from the proposita were performed along with blood from her parents. To establish maternity and paternity, short tandem repeat (STR) analysis was also performed. The A and B enzyme activities of the novel enzyme were measured in an in vitro expression study.

RESULTS:

A novel cis-AB allele arising from nucleotide substitution c.796A>G (p.M266V) in the B glycosyltransferase gene were discovered in the blood and hair follicle cells from the proposita, which was absent from her parents. In all 15 autosomal STR loci analysed, the probability of maternity and paternity were 0.999999 and 0.999989, respectively. The novel enzyme created 33.1% and 60.2% of A and B antigen compared to wild type A and B glycosyltransferases.

CONCLUSION:

A novel mechanism leading to a cis-AB allele was discovered.

KEYWORDS:

ABO; Cis-AB; blood group discrepancy; c.796A>G; de novo; p.M266V

PMID:
26197879
DOI:
10.1111/tme.12229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center