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Vaccine. 2015 Aug 26;33(36):4495-504. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.07.023. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

Restricted replication of the live attenuated influenza A virus vaccine during infection of primary differentiated human nasal epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: william_fischer@med.unc.edu.
2
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
3
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Sensory Biology, and Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
4
W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St., Suite 5132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: apekosz1@jhu.edu.

Abstract

Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) strains are associated with cold adapted, temperature sensitive and attenuated phenotypes that have been studied in non-human or immortalized cell cultures as well as in animal models. Using a primary, differentiated human nasal epithelial cell (hNEC) culture system we compared the replication kinetics, levels of cell-associated viral proteins and virus particle release during infection with LAIV or the corresponding wild type (WT) influenza viruses. At both 33 °C and 37 °C, seasonal influenza virus and an antigenically matched LAIV replicated to similar titers in MDCK cells but seasonal influenza virus replicated to higher titers than LAIV in hNEC cultures, suggesting a greater restriction of LAIV replication in hNEC cultures. Despite the disparity in infectious virus production, the supernatants from H1N1 and LAIV infected hNEC cultures had equivalent amounts of viral proteins and hemagglutination titers, suggesting the formation of non-infectious virus particles by LAIV in hNEC cultures.

KEYWORDS:

Influenza; Live attenuated influenza vaccine; Nasal epithelial cells

PMID:
26196325
PMCID:
PMC4547880
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.07.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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