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Ayu. 2014 Oct-Dec;35(4):366-70. doi: 10.4103/0974-8520.158982.

Contribution of Ayurveda in foundation of basic tenets of bioethics.

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Department of Kriya Sharir, Shri Ayurved College, Nagpur, India.
Department of Rachana Sharir, Shri Ayurved College, Nagpur, India.
Department of Kaumarbhritya, Government Ayurved College, Nanded, India.
Department of Roga Nidan and Vikriti Vijnan, Shri Ayurved College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.


Ethics deal with the set of principles of right conduct. The four basic principles of bioethics - autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice are known as "principlism". Though these four principles are influenced by the western world; in the medical field they are adapted as universal ethics. Originally, Ayurveda, the Indian medical system, has strongly advocated ethical code of conduct for physicians, but does not get its due recognition till this date. Proposed article aims to compare universally accepted basic tenets of bioethics and ancient Ayurvedic ethics. For this purpose classical texts of Ayurveda and literature regarding principlism was collected and analyzed thoroughly. It was found that the essence of ethics is very well-defined and described in the fundamental texts of Ayurveda in the form of Sadvritta, Chatushpada, Yogya, Vaidyavritti and Aachara Rasayana. Hence, Ayurveda should be considered as a trailblazer in establishing the basic tenets of bioethics.


Ayurveda; Chatushpada; Sadvritta; Vaidyavritti; Yogya; bioethics

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