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Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2015 Oct;39(5):752-6. doi: 10.1007/s00266-015-0536-2. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

Proximally Based Anterolateral-Thigh (ALT) Flap for Knee Reconstruction: An Advancement Propeller Perforator Flap.

Author information

1
Plastic Surgery Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adequate coverage of the knee region is often challenging for plastic and orthopedic surgeons. In the last decade, among several reconstructive techniques, local perforator flaps have become useful reconstructive units. After a wide resection for soft-tissue sarcoma, the knee vascular web may be reasonably damaged and, consequently, perforator flaps based on a local pedicle [such as the distally based anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap] are not reliable. Thus, we harvested a proximally based ALT for knee coverage.

METHODS:

A 52-year-old man underwent local radiation therapy and a wide resection of a soft-tissue sarcoma on the anterior-lateral aspect of the left knee, which resulted in a 15 × 10 cm defect. The defect was covered with a proximally based ALT, through an advancement and propeller relocation of its skin paddle.

RESULTS:

All margins were tumor free. After 5 days, the donor site was closed primarily because of edema. Neither necrosis of the flap nor dehiscence of the wound was detected. No local relapses were detected at 6-month follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

In case of soft-tissue defects of the knee region, with likely involvement of the local vascular web, a local perforator solution is the advancement and propeller proximally based ALT flap.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE V:

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

PMID:
26195130
DOI:
10.1007/s00266-015-0536-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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