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Radiother Oncol. 2015 Jul;116(1):143-8. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2015.06.016. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Can we shorten the overall treatment time in postoperative brachytherapy of endometrial carcinoma? Comparison of two brachytherapy schedules.

Author information

  • 1Radiation Oncology Dpt., ICMHO, Functional Gynecologic Cancer Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: rovirosa@clinic.ub.es.
  • 2Public and Health Dpt., Medicine Faculty, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.
  • 3Radiation Oncology Dpt., Hospital Sant Joan de Reus, Tarragona, Spain.
  • 4Radiation Oncology Dpt., Hospital General de Albacete, Spain.
  • 5Radiation Oncology Dpt., ICMHO, Functional Gynecologic Cancer Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 6Radiation Oncology Dpt., ICMHO, Functional Gynecologic Cancer Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Barcelona, Spain; Radiation Oncology Dpt., Centro Médico Imbanaco, Cali, Colombia.
  • 7Gynecological Surgery, Functional Gynecologic Cancer Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To analyze vaginal-cuff relapses (VCR) and toxicity of two brachytherapy (BT) schedules in postoperative endometrial carcinoma and to correlate vaginal toxicity with vaginal-surface-EQD2Gy3 dose (VS-EQD2Gy3).

METHODS/MATERIALS:

319 patients (p) I-IIIC-Figo-stage were treated with 2 BT schedules. One schedule included 166p (Group-1) to whom 3 fractions (Fr) of 4-6Gy per week (w) of BT were administered after external beam radiotherapy (EBI) (125p) and 6Fr/2w of 4-6Gy in exclusive-BT (41p). The second schedule included 153p (Group-2) with BT administered daily with 2Fr/w of 5-6Gy after EBI (94p) and 5-6Gy/4Fr/w in exclusive-BT (59p). Doses were prescribed at 5mm from the vaginal surface. Toxicity was evaluated using RTOG scores for the rectum and bladder and objective LENT-SOMA scores for the vagina.

STATISTICS:

Chi-square, Fisher and Student's-t tests.

RESULTS:

Mean follow-up (months): Group-1: 66.55 (7.73-115.40), Group-2: 41.49 (3.13-87.90). VCR: Group-1: 3p (1.88%); Group-2: 2p (1.3%). No differences were found between the two schedules comparing rectal (p=0.170), bladder (p=0.125) and vagina (p=0.680) late toxicities and comparing vagina EBI+BTp vs. exclusive-BTp (p=0.667). Significant differences in VS-EQD23Gy were observed considering EBI+BT (Groups 1+2) vs. exclusive-BT (Groups 1+2) (p<0.0001); nevertheless, no association was found between VS-EQD23Gy and vaginal complications.

CONCLUSIONS:

No differences were found between the two schedules. No association was found between vaginal toxicity and VS-EQD23Gy. Consequently, treatment with the least number of fractions is preferable.

KEYWORDS:

HDR brachytherapy; Postoperative endometrial carcinoma

PMID:
26194144
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2015.06.016
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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