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Anal Chem. 1989 Dec 15;61(24):2715-8.

Nanogram nitrite and nitrate determination in environmental and biological materials by vanadium (III) reduction with chemiluminescence detection.

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Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa 33620.


Nitrite in environmental water samples is reduced at room temperature to nitric oxide in acidic medium containing vanadium (III). Nitrate is also rapidly reduced after heating to 80-90 degrees C. Nitric oxide is removed from the reaction solution by scrubbing with helium carrier gas and is detected by means of a chemiluminescence NOx analyzer. Nanogram detection limits are obtained. The method has the advantage of not requiring highly acidic solutions for nitrate reduction and has been applied to the analysis of a variety of environmental waters, sediment, plant materials, and human urine and blood serum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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