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Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2016 Oct;15(6):425-37. doi: 10.1177/1474515115594524. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Early physical training and psycho-educational intervention for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The SheppHeart randomized 2 × 2 factorial clinical pilot trial.

Author information

1
Thoracic Clinic, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark ida.elisabeth.hoejskov@regionh.dk.
2
KU Leuven - University of Leuven Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven, Belgium.
3
The Centre for Research in Existence and Society, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
4
Thoracic Clinic, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
5
Copenhagen Trial Unit, Centre for Clinical Intervention Research, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
6
Trauma Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of problems and symptoms such as immobility, pain and insufficient sleep. Results from trials investigating testing in-hospital physical exercise or psychological intervention have been promising. However, no randomized clinical trials have tested a comprehensive rehabilitation programme consisting of both physical exercise and psycho-education in the early rehabilitation phase.

AIMS:

The aims of the present SheppHeart pilot randomized clinical trial were to evaluate the feasibility of patient recruitment, patient acceptance of the intervention, safety and tolerability of the intervention.

METHODS AND DESIGN:

Sixty patients admitted for coronary artery bypass graft were randomized 1:1:1:1 to: 1) physical exercise plus usual care, or 2) psycho-educational intervention plus usual care, or 3) physical exercise and psycho-educational plus usual care, or 4) usual care alone during a four week period after surgery.

RESULTS:

The acceptability of trial participation was 67% during the three month recruitment period. In the physical exercise groups, patients complied with 59% of the total expected training sessions during hospitalization. Nine patients (30%) complied with >75% and nine patients (30%) complied with 50% of the planned exercise sessions. Eleven patients (42%) participated in ⩾75% of the four consultations and six patients (23%) participated in 50% of the psycho-educational programme.

CONCLUSION:

Comprehensive phase one rehabilitation combining physical exercise and psycho-education in coronary artery bypass graft patients shows reasonably high inclusion, feasibility and safety.

KEYWORDS:

Phase one rehabilitation; coronary artery bypass grafting; physical exercise; psycho-education

PMID:
26187522
DOI:
10.1177/1474515115594524
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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