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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Aug;136(2):367-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.05.009. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Time trends in Australian hospital anaphylaxis admissions in 1998-1999 to 2011-2012.

Author information

John James Medical Centre, Deakin, Canberra, Australia; Medical School, Australian National University Canberra, Canberra, Australia; Health Sciences, University of Canberra, Bruce, Canberra, Australia. Electronic address:
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC; Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China.
The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.



Studies from the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia have reported increased childhood food allergy and anaphylaxis prevalence in the 15 years after 1990.


We sought to examine whether childhood food allergy/anaphylaxis prevalence has increased further since 2004-2005.


We examined hospital anaphylaxis admission rates between 2005-2006 and 2011-2012 and compared findings with those from 1998-1999 to 2004-2005.


Overall population food-related anaphylaxis admission rates (per 10(5) population per year) increased from 5.6 in 2005-2006 to 8.2 in 2011-2012 (a 1.5-fold increase over 7 years). The highest rates occurred in children aged 0 to 4 years (21.7 in 2005-2006 and 30.3 in 2011-2012, a 1.4-fold increase), but the greatest proportionate increase occurred in those aged 5 to 14 years (5.8-12.1/10(5) population/y, respectively, a 2.1-fold increase) compared with those aged 15 to 29 years and 30 years or older (a 1.5- and 1.3-fold increase, respectively). Not only did absolute food-related anaphylaxis admissions increase, but the modeled year-on-year rate of increase in overall food-related anaphylaxis admissions also increased over time from an additional 0.35 per 10(5) population/y in 1998-1999 (all ages) to 0.49 in 2004-2005 and 0.63 in 2011-2012 (P < .001).


Food-related anaphylaxis has increased further in all age groups since 2004-2005. Although the major burden falls on those aged 0 to 4 years, there is preliminary evidence for a recent acceleration in incidence rates in those aged 5 to 14 years. This contrasts with the previous decade in which the greatest proportionate increase was in those aged 0 to 4 years. These findings suggest a possible increasing burden of disease among adolescents and adults who carry the highest risk for fatal anaphylaxis.


Food allergy; anaphylaxis; epidemiology

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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