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PLoS One. 2015 Jul 17;10(7):e0132351. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132351. eCollection 2015.

Relationship between Cancer Worry and Stages of Adoption for Breast Cancer Screening among Korean Women.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.
2
National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
3
Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea; National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The possibility of developing breast cancer is a concern for all women; however, few studies have examined the relationship between cancer worry and the stages of adoption for breast cancer screening in Korea. Here, we investigated the associations between cancer worry, the stages of adopting breast cancer screening, and socio-demographic factors known to influence screening behaviors.

METHODS:

This study was based on the 2013 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, an annual cross-sectional survey that utilized nationally representative random sampling to investigate cancer screening rates. Data were analyzed from 1,773 randomly selected women aged 40-74 years. Chi-squared tests and multinomial logistic analyses were conducted to determine the associations between cancer worry and the stages of adoption for breast cancer screening and to outline the factors associated with each stage.

RESULTS:

Korean women were classified into the following stages of adoption for breast cancer screening: pre-contemplation (24.7%), contemplation (13.0%), action/maintenance (50.8%), relapse risk (8.9%), and relapse (2.6%). Women in the action/maintenance stages reported more moderate to higher levels of worry about getting cancer than those in the pre-contemplation stage. Further, age of 40-49 years and having private cancer insurance were associated with women in the action/maintenance stages.

CONCLUSION:

Interventions to address breast cancer worry may play an important role in increasing participation and equity in breast cancer screening.

PMID:
26186652
PMCID:
PMC4506072
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0132351
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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