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PLoS One. 2015 Jul 17;10(7):e0133445. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133445. eCollection 2015.

Daily Consumption of a Fruit and Vegetable Smoothie Alters Facial Skin Color.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia.
2
School of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia; Food, Nutrition and Hospitality Group, Department of Food and Tourism Management, Hollings Faculty, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom.
3
School of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia.
4
School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Science, Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia.

Abstract

Consumption of dietary carotenoids or carotenoid supplements can alter the color (yellowness) of human skin through increased carotenoid deposition in the skin. As fruit and vegetables are the main dietary sources of carotenoids, skin yellowness may be a function of regular fruit and vegetable consumption. However, most previous studies have used tablets or capsules to supplement carotenoid intake, and less is known of the impact of increased fruit and vegetable consumption on skin color. Here, we examined skin color changes in an Asian population (Malaysian Chinese ethnicity) over a six week dietary intervention with a carotenoid-rich fruit smoothie. Eighty one university students (34 males, 47 females; mean age 20.48) were assigned randomly to consuming either a fruit smoothie (intervention group) or mineral water (control group) daily for six weeks. Participants' skin yellowness (CIELab b*), redness (a*) and luminance (L*) were measured at baseline, twice during the intervention period and at a two-week follow-up, using a handheld reflectance spectrophotometer. Results showed a large increment in skin yellowness (p<0.001) and slight increment in skin redness (p<0.001) after 4 weeks of intervention for participants in the intervention group. Skin yellowness and skin redness remained elevated at the two week follow up measurement. In conclusion, intervention with a carotenoid-rich fruit smoothie is associated with increased skin redness and yellowness in an Asian population. Changes in the reflectance spectrum of the skin suggest that this color change was caused by carotenoid deposition in the skin.

PMID:
26186449
PMCID:
PMC4506063
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0133445
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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