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CA Cancer J Clin. 2015 Sep-Oct;65(5):384-400. doi: 10.3322/caac.21288. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Cancer and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) populations.

Author information

1
Senior Member, Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and Professor, Department of Oncologic Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
2
Assistant Member, Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, and Assistant Professor Department of Oncologic Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
3
Applied Research Scientist, Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and Assistant Professor, Department of Oncologic Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, and Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
4
Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, and Senior Fellow, Penn Medicine Program for LGBT Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
5
Senior Member, Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Division of Population Science and Vice President, Diversity and Communication Relations, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL.
6
Senior Member, Department of Cancer Epidemiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and Professor, Department of Oncologic Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
7
Assistant Member, Department of Cancer Epidemiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and Assistant Professor, Department of Oncologic Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the current literature on seven cancer sites that may disproportionately affect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) populations. For each cancer site, the authors present and discuss the descriptive statistics, primary prevention, secondary prevention and preclinical disease, tertiary prevention and late-stage disease, and clinical implications. Finally, an overview of psychosocial factors related to cancer survivorship is offered as well as strategies for improving access to care.

KEYWORDS:

LGBT; cancer; health behavior; health disparities; sexual minorities; survivorship

PMID:
26186412
PMCID:
PMC4609168
DOI:
10.3322/caac.21288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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