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Environ Pollut. 2015 Nov;206:195-201. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.07.001. Epub 2015 Jul 13.

Reproductive endocrine-disrupting effects of triclosan: Population exposure, present evidence and potential mechanisms.

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; School of Nursing, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: fliwing2005@126.com.
2
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: tianmiejp@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Triclosan has been used as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent for over 40 years worldwide. Increasing reports indicate frequent detection and broad exposure to triclosan in the natural environment and the human body. Current laboratory studies in various species provide strong evidence for its disrupting effects on the endocrine system, especially reproductive hormones. Multiple modes of action have been suggested, including disrupting hormone metabolism, displacing hormones from hormone receptors and disrupting steroidogenic enzyme activity. Although epidemiological studies on its effects in humans are mostly negative but conflicting, which is typical of much of the early evidence on the toxicity of EDCs, overall, the evidence suggests that triclosan is an EDC. This article reviews human exposure to triclosan, describes the current evidence regarding its reproductive endocrine-disrupting effects, and discusses potential mechanisms to provide insights for further study on its endocrine-disrupting effects in humans.

KEYWORDS:

Exposure; Hormone receptor; Reproductive endocrine-disruption; Steroidogenesis; Triclosan

PMID:
26184583
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2015.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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