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Nurs Outlook. 2015 Nov-Dec;63(6):656-79. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.002. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Impact of deployment on military families with young children: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: jtrautm1@jhu.edu.
2
Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

More than 40% of children in military families are <6 years old, a period when children are most dependent on their parents' physical and emotional availability.

PURPOSE:

This systematic review describes the impact of deployment since 9/11 on the mental health of military families with young children, evaluates evidence-based interventions for military parents with young children, and identifies gaps in the science limiting our ability to support the needs of these families.

METHODS:

Databases were reviewed from 2001 to 2014 using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses approach; 26 studies met review criteria.

RESULTS:

Deployment was associated with increased parent stress, child behavior problems, health care utilization, and child maltreatment. Few studies tested interventions or focused on racial/ethnic minority or veteran families. A number of methodological limitations are noted.

CONCLUSIONS:

More research using multiple methods, stronger designs, and more diverse samples is needed to understand and address the needs of military families with young children.

KEYWORDS:

Child mental health; Health disparities; Mental health; Military families; Parenting; Review of literature; Systematic review; Veteran; Young children

PMID:
26183660
DOI:
10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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