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J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jul 15;97(14):1187-95. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00002.

Everything Achilles: Knowledge Update and Current Concepts in Management: AAOS Exhibit Selection.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003. E-mail address for C.A. Uquillas:


Achilles tendon pathology is common and affects athletes and nonathletes alike. The cause is multifactorial and controversial, involving biological, anatomical, and mechanical factors. A variety of conditions characterized by Achilles tendon inflammation and/or degeneration can be clinically and histologically differentiated. These include insertional Achilles tendinopathy, retrocalcaneal bursitis, Achilles paratenonitis, Achilles tendinosis, and Achilles paratenonitis with tendinosis. The mainstay of treatment for all of these diagnoses is nonoperative. There is a large body of evidence addressing treatment of acute and chronic Achilles tendon ruptures; however, controversy remains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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