Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Commun. 2015 Jul 16;6:7751. doi: 10.1038/ncomms8751.

Transient brain activity disentangles fMRI resting-state dynamics in terms of spatially and temporally overlapping networks.

Author information

1
1] Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva 1211, Switzerland [2] Institute of Bioengineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland [3] Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, Geneva 1211, Switzerland [4] Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02129, USA.
2
1] Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva 1211, Switzerland [2] Institute of Bioengineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland.

Abstract

Dynamics of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provide a new window onto the organizational principles of brain function. Using state-of-the-art signal processing techniques, we extract innovation-driven co-activation patterns (iCAPs) from resting-state fMRI. The iCAPs' maps are spatially overlapping and their sustained-activity signals temporally overlapping. Decomposing resting-state fMRI using iCAPs reveals the rich spatiotemporal structure of functional components that dynamically assemble known resting-state networks. The temporal overlap between iCAPs is substantial; typically, three to four iCAPs occur simultaneously in combinations that are consistent with their behaviour profiles. In contrast to conventional connectivity analysis, which suggests a negative correlation between fluctuations in the default-mode network (DMN) and task-positive networks, we instead find evidence for two DMN-related iCAPs consisting the posterior cingulate cortex that differentially interact with the attention network. These findings demonstrate how the fMRI resting state can be functionally decomposed into spatially and temporally overlapping building blocks using iCAPs.

PMID:
26178017
PMCID:
PMC4518303
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms8751
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center