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PLoS One. 2015 Jul 15;10(7):e0132254. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132254. eCollection 2015.

Self-Rated Health among Urban Adolescents: The Roles of Age, Gender, and Their Associated Factors.

Author information

1
Nutrition, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde do Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil; Observatory for Urban Health of Belo Horizonte, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
2
Observatory for Urban Health of Belo Horizonte, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Medicine, Faculdade de Saúde e Ecologia Humana, Vespasiano, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
3
Observatory for Urban Health of Belo Horizonte, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Abstract

Health status is often analyzed in population surveys. Self-rated health (SRH) is a single-item summary measure of the perception of one's health. In Brazil, studies on the SRH of adolescents remain scarce, especially those aiming to understand the domains that compose this construct. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor SRH and its associated factors among 11- to 13-year-olds and 14- to 17-year-olds living in a large urban center in Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted using a household survey across Belo Horizonte that included 1,042 adolescents. Stratified logistic regression models were used for each age group to assess the associations between worse SRH and the following variables: socio-demographic, social and family support, lifestyles, psychological health, and anthropometry. Approximately 11% (95% CIs = 8.7-13.6) of the studied adolescents rated their health as poor, and SHR decreased with age among males and females. This trend was more pronounced among girls (from 6.9% among 11- to 13-year-old girls to 16.9% among 14- to 17-year-old girls) than boys (from 8.3% among 11- to 13-year-old boys to 11% among 14- to 17-year-old boys). Worse SRH was associated with family support (as assessed by the absence of parent-adolescent conversations; odds ratio [OR] = 3.5 among 11- to 13-year-olds), family structure (OR = 2.8 among 14- to 17-year-olds), and argument reporting (OR = 8.2 among 14- to 17-year-olds). Among older adolescents, the consumption of fruit fewer than five times per week (OR = 2.4), life dissatisfaction (OR = 2.8), underweight status (OR = 6.7), and overweight status (OR = 2.7) were associated with poor SRH. As adolescents age, their universe expands from their relationship with their parents to include more complex issues, such as their lifestyles and life satisfaction. Therefore, these results suggest the importance of evaluating SRH across adolescent age groups and demonstrate the influence of the family environment (in addition to other factors) on negative health assessments, particularly among 14- to 17-year-olds.

PMID:
26177464
PMCID:
PMC4503396
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0132254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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