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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 Jul-Aug;53(4):414-21.

[Perceptions of adolescents Jalisco campaign on breast cancer].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente, Coodinación de Investigación en Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Tonalá, Jalisco, México. amp_tap_cur@hotmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Breast cancer campaigns and awareness strategies with limited evidence of their effectiveness in youth. Behavioral model of perception that shows how individuals choose, organize and interpret information. This study shows the perceptions of youth from Jalisco regarding breast cancer campaigns.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional qualitative exploratory study based on constructionist and associationist theories of perception. Informed consent interviews with 13 focus groups, 129 men and women between 12 and 19 years old, enrolled students, residents of 6 regions of Jalisco. The sampling consisted in snowball technique. Interviews transcribed and processed with Atlas Ti version 4.1, open coding analysis.

RESULTS:

10 campaigns were identified and the perceptions about them showed 3 processes: 1) SELECTION: permeated by the campaign design elements; 2) ORGANIZATION: influenced by pre-structured meanings of the color pink, scope and limitations of the campaigns; and 3) INTERPRETATION: showed judgments about the visibility of breast cancer, accessibility of knowledge and resources, permeability of positive ads and cultural codes and the lack of coverage meeting expectations.

CONCLUSIONS:

A high awareness of breast cancer among teenagers was evident as well as the extensive need of information and services. We recommend creating strategies for formal education about breast cancer during adolescence.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Breast cancer; Perception; Prevention

PMID:
26177428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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