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Cancer Biol Ther. 2015;16(9):1407-14. doi: 10.1080/15384047.2015.1070990.

Salvianolic acid A reverses the paclitaxel resistance and inhibits the migration and invasion abilities of human breast cancer cells by inactivating transgelin 2.

Author information

1
a Department of Pharmacy ; The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University ; Xi'an , Shaanxi , PR China.
2
b Department of Pharmacy ; The People's Hospital of Bayingol Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture ; Korla , Xinjiang , PR China.
3
c School of Pharmacy; Xi'an Jiaotong University ; Xi'an , Shaanxi , PR China.

Abstract

Multidrug resistance and tumor migration and invasion are the major obstacles to effective breast cancer chemotherapy, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated the potential of transgelin 2 and salvianolic acid A to modulate the resistance and the migration and invasion abilities of paclitaxel-resistant human breast cancer cells (MCF-7/PTX). MCF-7/PTX cells were found to exhibit not only a high degree of resistance to paclitaxel, but also strong migration and invasion abilities. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of TAGLN2 sensitized the MCF-7/PTX cells to paclitaxel, and inhibited their migration and invasion abilities. In addition, we also observed that combined salvianolic acid A and paclitaxel treatment could reverse paclitaxel resistance, markedly inhibit tumor migration and invasion, and suppress the expression of transgelin 2 in MCF-7/PTX cells. These findings indicate that salvianolic acid A can reverse the paclitaxel resistance and inhibit the migration and invasion abilities of human breast cancer cells by down-regulating the expression of transgelin 2, and hence could be useful in breast cancer treatments.

KEYWORDS:

breast cancer; invasion; migration; paclitaxel resistance; salvianolic acid A; transgelin 2

PMID:
26176734
PMCID:
PMC4622441
DOI:
10.1080/15384047.2015.1070990
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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