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Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Sep-Oct;83(5):708-11.

Comparison of immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgG-ELISA) and haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test for the detection of dengue antibodies. Prevalence of dengue IgG-ELISA antibodies in Tahiti.

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Institute Territorial de Recherches Médicales Louis Malardé, Tahiti, French Polynesia.


An immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgG-ELISA) for the detection of dengue antibodies is described and compared to the haemagglutination inhibition test (HI). The sensitivity, specificity and agreement rate between the 2 techniques were good. The coefficients of correlation between IgG-ELISA and HI results, using dengue 1-4 antigens, were highly significant (P less than 0.001 for either antigen). IgG-ELISA was rapid, and easy to perform and suitable for large-scale studies. Between April and June 1987, a baseline serosurvey of the prevalence of dengue antibodies in age-stratified samples of children was carried out in Tahiti using IgG-ELISA. 327 children were tested against each dengue serotype. There was no significant difference between sex. Overall rates ranged from 7.4% in children under 5 years to 83.1% in those aged 15-19 years. Dengue 4 being the only serotype involved since 1979, specific responses to dengue 4 were found in higher proportion among children under 8 years old, while the IgG-ELISA responses were more widely reactive among children aged above 8 years (P less than 0.001). The acquisition rate of dengue 4 antibodies was 2.95% on average per year in children under 8 years of age.

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