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Int J Paediatr Dent. 2016 May;26(3):211-9. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12190. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Dental caries, but not malocclusion or developmental defects, negatively impacts preschoolers' quality of life.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
2
Department of Morphology, Biological Sciences Institute, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
3
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oral diseases can negatively influence the quality of life causing harm in the development of routine activities, child development and their well-being.

AIM:

To investigate the impact of dental caries, malocclusion and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on the oral health-related quality of life of preschool children and their parents.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study was carried out with 646 children aged 2-6 years in Diamantina, Brazil. Calibrated dental examiners performed the oral examinations. Parents answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) and a questionnaire on socio-economic indicators. Statistical analyses involved the chi-square test and Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

Malocclusion and DDE did not cause a negative impact on the children's quality of life. Children with dental caries (PR: 1.92; 95%CI: 1.56-2.35) and those aged 5 (PR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.13-2.02) and 6 years (PR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.02-2.23) were more likely to have a negative quality of life impact on the total B-ECOHIS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dental caries was associated with a negative impact on the quality of life of children. Malocclusion and DDE did not cause a negative impact on the children's quality of life. Older children had higher frequency of negative impact on OHRQoL.

PMID:
26173864
DOI:
10.1111/ipd.12190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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