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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2015 Jun;91(6):062133. Epub 2015 Jun 24.

Stochastic dynamics and logistic population growth.

Author information

Grup de Física Estadística, Departament de Física, Facultat de Ciències, Edifici Cc, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.
Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel.
Department of Chemistry, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275-0314, USA.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2015 Jul;92(1):019902.


The Verhulst model is probably the best known macroscopic rate equation in population ecology. It depends on two parameters, the intrinsic growth rate and the carrying capacity. These parameters can be estimated for different populations and are related to the reproductive fitness and the competition for limited resources, respectively. We investigate analytically and numerically the simplest possible microscopic scenarios that give rise to the logistic equation in the deterministic mean-field limit. We provide a definition of the two parameters of the Verhulst equation in terms of microscopic parameters. In addition, we derive the conditions for extinction or persistence of the population by employing either the momentum-space spectral theory or the real-space Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation to determine the probability distribution function and the mean time to extinction of the population. Our analytical results agree well with numerical simulations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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