Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Exp Ther Med. 2015 Jul;10(1):193-200. Epub 2015 May 7.

Effect of taurine on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Basic Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.
2
Department of Experimental Animals, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.
3
Medical Experiment and Teaching Department, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to observe the effect and molecular mechanism of taurine (Tau) on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HHCC) HepG2 cells. HHCC HepG2 cells were used as target cells, and the cell survival rate was assessed using a multi-time-step method. The p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) gene was transiently transfected by lipofection and subsequently silenced with specific small interfering (si)RNA. The cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, and protein expression levels were analyzed with western blotting. Addition of 20-160 mM Tau was shown to have a significant inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, while promoting the induction of HHCC HepG2 cell apoptosis (P<0.05). Transfection of the PUMA gene significantly enhanced the ability of Tau to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells. In addition, transfection of the PUMA gene increased the protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X and reduced the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (P<0.05). Silencing the PUMA gene with specific siRNA was demonstrated to significantly reduce the ability of Tau to inhibit proliferation and induce the apoptosis of HHCC HepG2 cells (P<0.01). Therefore, the PUMA gene was shown to have an important role in mechanism underlying the effect that Tau exerts on cell proliferation and apoptosis in HHCC HepG2 cells.

KEYWORDS:

apoptosis; gene expression; human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells; p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis; taurine

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center