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Surg Endosc. 2016 Apr;30(4):1619-28. doi: 10.1007/s00464-015-4392-6. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Clinical outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection for large colorectal neoplasms: a comparison of protruding and laterally spreading tumors.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea.
2
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea. dhyang@amc.seoul.kr.
3
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea. jsbyeon@amc.seoul.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The therapeutic outcome of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for large protruding tumors has not yet been evaluated. We aimed to compare the outcomes of ESD in protruding tumors with those of laterally spreading tumors (LSTs).

METHODS:

Endoscopic submucosal dissection was attempted in 218 patients with 220 colorectal tumors ≥30 mm in diameter (67, protruding tumors; 153, LSTs) from July 2007 to June 2014. We retrospectively reviewed patient medical records, therapeutic outcomes, and procedure-related adverse events. This study defined lesions with a height of 10 mm or more as protruding tumors and those with a height under 10 mm as LSTs.

RESULTS:

The mean lesion diameter, height, and volume were 43.8, 9.5 mm, and 13.6 cm(3), respectively. The mean procedure time was 75.5 min. Deep submucosal cancer was more frequent in protruding tumors than in LSTs (11.9 vs. 2.6%, P = 0.005). Severe fibrosis was more common in protruding tumors than in LSTs (19.4 vs. 3.9%, P < 0.001). En bloc resection and complete resection rates were lower in protruding tumors than in LSTs (en bloc resection, 76.1 vs. 92.8%, P = 0.001; complete resection, 64.2 vs. 79.1%, P = 0.020). Intra- and post-procedural bleeding were more frequent in protruding tumors than in LSTs (22.4 vs. 2.6%, P < 0.001; 6.0 vs. 0.7%, P = 0.031, respectively). By multivariate analysis, protruding tumor morphology (odds ratio 1.919, P = 0.048) and tumor size ≥60 mm (odds ratio 2.490, P = 0.030) were associated with incomplete resection.

CONCLUSIONS:

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for protruding tumors is less effective than ESD for LSTs, with lower rate of complete resection occurring with protruding tumors.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal neoplasm; ESD; Laterally spreading tumor; Protruding tumor

PMID:
26169642
DOI:
10.1007/s00464-015-4392-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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