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Trends Ecol Evol. 2015 Sep;30(9):550-60. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2015.06.009. Epub 2015 Jul 10.

A framework to assess evolutionary responses to anthropogenic light and sound.

Author information

1
College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA.
2
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA.
3
Boise State University, Boise, ID, USA.
4
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC, USA.
5
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ and Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Potsdam, Germany.
6
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
7
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
8
North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.
9
University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
10
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
11
George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.
12
Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
13
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.
14
University of Southern California and The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: longcore@usc.edu.

Abstract

Human activities have caused a near-ubiquitous and evolutionarily-unprecedented increase in environmental sound levels and artificial night lighting. These stimuli reorganize communities by interfering with species-specific perception of time-cues, habitat features, and auditory and visual signals. Rapid evolutionary changes could occur in response to light and noise, given their magnitude, geographical extent, and degree to which they represent unprecedented environmental conditions. We present a framework for investigating anthropogenic light and noise as agents of selection, and as drivers of other evolutionary processes, to influence a range of behavioral and physiological traits such as phenological characters and sensory and signaling systems. In this context, opportunities abound for understanding contemporary and rapid evolution in response to human-caused environmental change.

KEYWORDS:

anthropogenic noise; circadian rhythms; light at night; masking; phenology; signaling

PMID:
26169593
DOI:
10.1016/j.tree.2015.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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