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Adipocyte. 2014 Dec 20;4(2):135-40. doi: 10.4161/21623945.2014.975538. eCollection 2015 Apr-Jun.

Genetic variants in leptin: Determinants of obesity and leptin levels in South Indian population.

Author information

1
Department of Studies in Biotechnology; University of Mysore ; Mysore, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Studies in Biochemistry; University of Mysore ; Mysore, Karnataka, India ; Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Center ; Mysore, Karnataka, India.
3
Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Center ; Mysore, Karnataka, India.
4
Anthropological Survey of India; Central Regional Center ; Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

The revelation of leptin action mechanisms has led to various attempts to establish the association of polymorphisms in the leptin gene with obesity-related phenotypes. But, outcomes have been contradicting, which made the information on the role of the leptin gene in regulating the mechanism of pathophysiology of obesity inexplicable. Moreover, none of the studies are known to have similar implications on the Indian population. To address such contradictions, our study aims to evaluate the association of leptin gene polymorphism with obesity and leptin levels in a South Indian Population. A total of 304 cases (BMI≥27.5) and 309 controls (BMI≤23) from local inhabitants of Mysore, Karnataka were recruited for the study. The leptin gene variants rs7799039, rs2167270 and rs4731426 independently, as well as in 4 haplotype combinations, were found to be significantly associated with the risk of obesity. An increasing trend in BMI and leptin levels was observed with every addition of A and C minor alleles of exonic variant (rs2167270) and intronic variant (rs4731426) respectively. However, only AA genotype of SNP rs7799039 was positively associated with BMI. None of the SNPs were associated with fat percentage and waist to hip ratio. On a whole, this data suggests that the common polymorphisms in the leptin gene are strong predictors of obesity and leptin levels in South Indians.

KEYWORDS:

BMI; association study; fat percentage; leptin; leptin resistance; obesity

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